In other words, why the problem or topic you are studying is important and why we should care. Why do I care about Republicans winning office?
Conducting Educational Research Step 4: Write the Research Design Recall from Chapter 5 that my philosophy in writing a research project is to not write it from Chapter 1 to Chapter 2 and so on. Instead, I think it is important that the Methods section of the research paper should be written first to ensure that the topic can be studied using empirical methods.
The purpose of the Methods section of a research paper Chapter 3 at UniJos is to describe the study methods and procedures so well that anybody could exactly repeat the research study using only what was written in the Methods section.
Recall from Chapter 2 that one principle of scientific research is that it must be verifiable, meaning that the observations must be able to be confirmed by any other individual. Thus, replication of scientific observations is a foundational principle in science: This means that writing research design and methodology section need to clearly articulate the exact research design, sample and sampling procedures, instruments, data collection procedures, and data analyses that were used so any other researcher can exactly replicate the results to verify their authenticity.
Therefore, the researcher needs to take great care in being explicit and accurate in reporting the research methods. Inaccurate reporting of research methods reflects either ignorance on the part of the researcher at best or unethical dishonesty at worst.
When writing the Methods section, keep in mind that each sub-section should report only the relevant information for that section. For example, the Sample section should only report on the participants, not on the research design, instruments, or procedures. The Instruments section should only report on the instruments, not on the sample, data analysis, or procedures.
This helps the reader because they will know exactly what to expect in each section. Furthermore, this helps the reader know where to go to find relevant information if they are just skimming the work.
Perhaps when reading through the data analysis, the reader might decide that she needs to refresh her memory about the research Instruments.
If the writer has presented all of the information about the Instruments in the Instrument section, then she knows exactly where to look in the report to find the relevant information. Most educational research studies will reflect one of five designs listed below.
By this point, the researcher should have already identified the research design that will be used. In this step, the researcher writes the Research Design sub-section of the research Methods. When writing the Research Design sub-section, the writer has three basic goals: Describe the key elements of the research design as developed by research methodologists in textbooks.
Describe the reason why this research design was chosen. Describe how those key elements are practically implemented in your research study. Regardless of which research design is chosen, the first part of the Research Design section is to explain the key elements research design. Then the reason why the research design was chosen should be explained.
The final part should explain how each key element described in the theoretical part is met in your particular study. This final part of the Research Designs sub-section will depend on the research design actually chosen.
The key elements of the five primary educational research design are described below. However, you need to consult additional research methods textbooks to get a better understanding and description of the chosen research design. Before getting into the specifics of writing the research design, it is important to understand the difference between independent and dependent variables.
There are a few ways that you can think about the differences between the independent and dependent variables. The independent variable is thought to be the cause whereas the dependent variable is thought to be the effect. For example, in a study examining the effect of socioeconomic status on literacy skills, the independent variable is socioeconomic skills because that is the presumed cause whereas literacy skills is the dependent variable because it is thought to be the effect.
The dependent variable can also be thought of as the variable that the researcher is trying to explain or predict. In this case, the researcher wants to explain literacy skills, so that is the dependent variable, and they think socioeconomic status can influence literacy skills, so socioeconomic status is the cause, the independent variable.
When doing experiments, the treatment is always the independent variable - the cause - and whatever is thought to be influenced by the treatment is the effect - the dependent variable.
For a study examining the effect of computerized instruction on math skills, the independent variable is computerized instruction and the dependent variable is maths skills.
Only causal-comparative, experimental, and quasi-experimental research designs have independent and dependent variables. Descriptive studies only describe the current state of a variable, so there are no presumed cause or effects, therefore no independent and dependent variables.
Likewise, correlational research studies only examine relationships between variables. Since neither variable in a correlational design is manipulated, it is impossible to determine which is the cause and which is the effect.
Thus, correlational research designs do NOT have independent and dependent variables. Practice Below are the research study purposes from the previous step.Research planning & writing resources; Research design & analysis resources; The goal of this workshop is to help students make progress toward the completion of the Methodology section.
If needed, the faculty member will help create a tailored plan based on students’ specific needs to ensure that they can continue to advance their .
The following guide contains tips on writing a research paper in Education. Skip to main content.
Boston College Libraries. Mission; Writing an Education Research Paper Research Paper Sections Writing an Education Research Paper Discuss your research methodology.
Did you employ qualitative or quantitative research methods? When writing a methodology chapter, you will need to include four basic parts.
The first part of the methodology chapter is a simple review of the problems that need to be certain groups from your research. If writing a dissertation about the effects of feminism.
The methods section should describe what was done to answer the research question, describe how it was done, justify the experimental design, and explain how the results were analyzed. Scientific writing is direct and orderly. the experimental design and methods used, clearly express the basic design of the study.
Name or briefly describe the basic methodology used without going into excessive detail-be sure to indicate the key techniques used. the major findings including key Strategy for writing the Methods section.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Objectives This contract research report describes the development by the authors, with funding from HSE, of a methodology for the assignment of required Safety Integrity Levels (SILs) of safety related. Research Design Paper Instructions. POLS Study of Politics. Fall The purpose of this document is to explain how to write the research design paper, which is one of the requirements of this course and counts for 20 percent of your grade. This assignment is very important in that it will provide you with an opportunity to think about how research . The methods section should describe what was done to answer the research question, describe how it was done, justify the experimental design, and explain how the results were analyzed. Scientific writing is direct and orderly.
4. Methods. The method section of an APA format psychology paper provides the methods and procedures used in a research study or experiment. This part of an APA paper is critical because it allows other researchers to see exactly how you conducted your research.
This allows other researchers to reproduce your experiment if they want and to assess alternative methods that might produce differing results.