Venus is the Greek goddess of love, beauty and sexuality. Because of her beauty other gods feared that jealousy would interrupt the peace among them and lead to war, and so Zeus married her to Hephaestus, who was not viewed as a threat.
Here every year three playwrights competed against each other, each writing a tetralogy of three tragedies and a satyr play alongside Medea were PhiloctetesDictys and the satyr play Theristai.
Euphorion won, and Euripides placed last. While Medea is considered one of the great plays of the Western canonthe Athenian audience did not react so favorably, and it placed third out of the three competing plays at the Dionysia festival of BC.
With the rediscovery of the text in 1st-century Rome the play was adapted by the tragedians EnniusLucius AcciusOvidSeneca the Younger and Hosidius Getaamong othersagain in 16th-century Europe.
In 20th-century modern literary criticismMedea and its "universal themes of revenge and justice in an unjust society" have provoked differing reactions from differing critics and writers.
All scenes involve only two actors, Medea and someone else. The Chorus A staple in Greek theater would also usually be involved along with those two, representing the women of Corinth.
The play is also the only Greek tragedy in which a kin-killer makes it unpunished to the end of the play, and the only one about child-killing in which the deed is performed in cold blood as opposed to in a state of temporary madness.
The character of Medea has variously been interpreted as either fulfilling her role of "mother and wife" and as acting as a "proto-feminist". The play begins with Medea in a blind rage towards Jason for arranging to marry Glaucethe daughter of Creon king of Corinth. In the next scene Jason arrives to explain his rationale for his apparent betrayal.
Medea, and the chorus of Corinthian women, do not believe him. She reminds him that she left her own people for him "I am the mother of your children. Whither can I fly, since all Greece hates the barbarian?
Jason promises to support her after his new marriage, but Medea spurns him: He reveals to her that despite his marriage he is still without children. Medea then returns to plotting the murders of Glauce and Creon. She decides to poison some golden robes a family heirloom and gift from the sun god Helios and a coronet, in hopes that the bride will not be able to resist wearing them, and consequently be poisoned.
Medea resolves to kill her own children as well, not because the children have done anything wrong, but because she feels it is the best way to hurt Jason.
She calls for Jason once more and, in an elaborate ruse, apologizes to him for overreacting to his decision to marry Glauce. When Jason appears fully convinced that she regrets her actions, Medea begins to cry in mourning of her exile. She convinces Jason to allow her to give the robes to Glauce in hopes that Glauce might get Creon to lift the exile.
Eventually Jason agrees and allows their children to deliver the poisoned robes as the gift-bearers. Forgive what I said in anger!
I will yield to the decree, and only beg one favor, that my children may stay.
They shall take to the princess a costly robe and a golden crown, and pray for her protection. Medea kills her son, Campanian red-figure amphorac. When the children arrived with the robes and coronet, Glauce gleefully put them on and went to find her father. Soon the poisons overtook Glauce and she fell to the floor, dying horribly and painfully.
Creon clutched her tightly as he tried to save her and, by coming in contact with the robes and coronet, got poisoned and died as well.
While Medea is pleased with her current success she decides to take it one step forward. Since Jason brought shame upon her for trying to start a new family, Medea resolves to destroy the family he was willing to give up by killing their sons. However, she steels her resolve to cause Jason the most pain possible and rushes offstage with a knife to kill her children.
As the chorus laments her decision, the children are heard screaming. Jason then rushes onto the scene to confront Medea about murdering Creon and Glauce and he quickly discovers that his children have been killed as well.
Medea then appears above the stage with the bodies of her children in the chariot of the sun god Helios. When this play was put on, this scene was accomplished using the mechane device usually reserved for the appearance of a god or goddess.In Euripides' play Medea she is a woman scorned, rejected by her husband Jason and seeking revenge.
Deborah Boedeker writes about different images and symbolism used in Euripides' play to invoke responses from his original Athenian audience.
The Nurse gives descriptions of Medea in the prologue, highlighting comparisons to great forces of . Comprehensive Summary. Euripedes' Medea opens in a state of conflict. Jason has abandoned his wife, Medea, along with their two children. He hopes to advance his station by remarrying with Glauce, the daughter of Creon, king of Corinth, the Greek city where the play is set.
In Medea, by Euripides, conflicts play a major role in the creation of the play. Some examples of these conflicts are with Medea and Jason, Medea and herself, and Medea and Creon.
Dame Sarah Connolly, Allan Clayton, and Neil Armfield discuss the world premiere of Brett Dean’s [ ]. Salome Jens Salome Jens has appeared in lead roles on Broadway in Far Country, Night Life, The Disenchanted, Patriot For Me, A Lie of the Mind.
Medea: The title character and protagonist of the play, Medea is a proud, self-possessed, and powerful woman who moves from suicidal despair at the beginning of the play to homicidal revenge. A powerful sorceress, she single-handedly grants Jason success in the myth of Jason and the Golden Fleece.