The history of the pop art movement

The floodgates however had been opened and the abandonment of perspective led early 20th century artists to experiment and innovate like never before, taking new directions in both painting and sculpture. Out of this new wave of experimentation and innovation came several new and important cultural and artistic movements — dadaism, surrealism, abstract expressionism… — one often followed by another in quick sucession. Dada or Dadaism Bicycle Wheel - Marcel Duchamp Dada or Dadaism was a cultural movement that began in Switzerland at the time of the first World War in reaction to what the artists of the time saw as the horror and stupidity of the war.

The history of the pop art movement

Pop Art presented a challenge to traditions of fine art by including imagery from popular culture such as advertising and news. The concept of Pop Art refers not as much to the art itself as to the attitudes that led to it.

Pop Art characterised a sense of optimism during the post war consumer boom of the 's and 's. It coincided with the globalisation of pop music and youth culture, personified by Elvis and The Beatles.

Pop Art was brash, young and fun and hostile to the artistic establishment. It included different styles of painting and sculpture from various countries, but what they all had in common was an interest in mass-media, mass-production and mass-culture.

The history of the pop art movement

It is widely interpreted as a reaction to the then-dominant ideas of abstract expressionismas well as an expansion upon them. And due to its utilisation of found objects and images it is similar to Dada. Pop Art aimed to employ images of popular as opposed to elitist culture in art, emphasizing the banal or kitschy elements of any given culture, most often through the use of irony.

It is also associated with the artists' use of mechanical means of reproduction or rendering techniques. Advertising, product labelling and logos figure prominently in the imagery chosen by pop artists, like in the Campbells Soup cans, by Andy Warhol.

Even the labelling on the shipping box containing retail items has been used as subject matter in Pop Art, for example in Warhol's Campbell's Tomato Juice Boxor his Brillo Soap Box sculptures. Andy Warhol is one of the best-known artists associated with Pop Art.

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It is perhaps surprising that a Pop Art movement came out of London before it convincingly burst onto the art scene in America. After all, it is the American artist Andy Warhol who has become synonymous with the movement known as Pop Art.

It was however, Richard Hamilton and Eduardo Paolozzi, as some of the founding members of the Independent Group an artistic and literary collective that met regularly at the ICA in London between and that were the forerunners to British Pop Art and the transatlantic Pop Art movement.

Richard Hamilton is often cited as the founder of British Pop Art. Others consider the conversations between Hamilton and Paolozzi to have kick-started the transatlantic art movement now known as Pop Art. It is argued it was both a development of and a reaction against Abstract Expressionist painting, which was the first American art movement to achieve global acclaim.

Pop Art - A brief history

However, by the mid's, many felt it had become too introspective and elitist. American Pop Art evolved as an attempt to reverse the elitist and abstract trend by reintroducing the image as a structural device in painting, to pull art back from the obscurity of abstraction into the real world again.

This was a model that had been tried and tested before. Picasso had done something similar forty years previously when he collaged 'real world' printed images onto his still life works when he was considering if his work was becoming too abstract.

Aroundtwo remarkable artists emerged who would lay the foundations of a bridge between Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art. It is also evident that the American Abstract Impressionist movement had its influence on the British Pop Art movement too. No matter where the movement started or from which side of the Atlantic — it is clear from collectors and museums and the immense public interest that Pop Art is truly, well popular, and here to stay.The Artcyclopedia is an index of online museums and image archives: find where the works of over 8, different fine artists can be viewed online.

Pop Art was a movement that emerged in the late s in England and the United States as a reaction against Abstract Expressionism art, which they considered empty and elitist.

The Art History Archive is being compiled to serve as a library of information about different artistic movements, art groups and specific artists. Its purpose is to educate people about the different movements and show people that there are other movements worth looking at, and specific artists that users may never have heard of.

Post-War Optimism and Cultural Rebellion

Pop art, history of the art movement During the 50s, art history was marked by the first works of art produced by Pop Art artists. Several wonder: What is Pop Art?

American culture has highly influenced Pop Art artists. Pop Artorigins are mainly British, but many Pop Art works come from America. A great number of painters, sculptors and others were part of this movement.

Pop art, art in which commonplace objects (such as comic strips, soup cans, road signs, and hamburgers) were used as subject matter and were often physically incorporated in the work.. The Pop art movement was largely a British and American cultural phenomenon of the late s and ’60s and was named by the art critic Lawrence Alloway in reference to the prosaic iconography of its painting.

Keep Exploring Britannica They used impersonal, mundane reality, ironyand parody to "defuse" the personal symbolism and " painterly looseness" of abstract expressionism. Britain focused on the dynamic and paradoxical imagery of American pop culture as powerful, manipulative symbolic devices that were affecting whole patterns of life, while simultaneously improving the prosperity of a society.
Famous Pop Art paintings in Pop Art History The Emergence and Evolution of The Pop Art Movement November 11, Lorenzo Pereira When we speak about the emergence of different art movements in history, there is a perfect German word that can help us to understand why and how certain movement appeared and how it evolved. This word is Zeitgast.

"Pop is everything art hasn't been for the last two decades It springs newborn out of a boredom with the finality and over-saturation of Abstract-Expressionism, which, by its own esthetic logic, is the END of art, the glorious pinnacle of the long pyramidal creative process.

Stifled by this rarefied atmosphere, some young painters turn back to some less exalted things like Coca-Cola, ice-cream sodas, big .

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