Early years, — Origins The illusion of motion pictures is based on the optical phenomena known as persistence of vision and the phi phenomenon. The first of these causes the brain to retain images cast upon the retina of the eye for a fraction of a second beyond their disappearance from the field of sight, while the latter creates apparent movement between images when they succeed one another rapidly.
Film as an art form has drawn on several earlier traditions in the fields such as oral storytellingliteraturetheatre and visual arts.
Since motion pictures were invented, audiences have loved how they tell stories. Movies enabled people to travel the world vicariously, and experience tragedy, love and nearly every other emotion. The Cinematographe made motion pictures very popular. It can even be said that Lumiere's invention gave birth to the motion picture era. In , Lumiere and his brother became the first to demonstrate photographic moving pictures projected onto a screen for a paying audience of more than one person. heartoftexashop.com: History of Motion Pictures: Jim Handy Organization, Bell & Howell Co., Inc. ERPI Classroom Films, Coronet Instructional Films, Inc. Encyclopedia Britannica Films, Iowa State University - Moiton Picture Services, Motion Pictures Productions Radio Corporation of America (RCA), Air Photographic and CHarting Service (MATS) U.S. Air Force, Henry Cheharbakhshi: Amazon Digital .
By the 16th century necromantic ceremonies and the conjuring of ghostly apparitions by charlatan "magicians" and "witches" seemed commonplace. Around this was developed into multi-media ghost shows known as phantasmagoria that could feature mechanical slides, rear projection, mobile projectors, superimpositiondissolveslive actors, smoke sometimes to project images uponodors, sounds and even electric shocks.
In the 19th century several new and popular magic lantern techniques were developed, including dissolving views and several types of mechanical slides that created dazzling abstract effects chromatrope, etc.
Silent film and Sound film Interior view of Kinetoscope with peephole viewer at top of cabinet. In the s, films were seen mostly via temporary storefront spaces and traveling exhibitors or as acts in vaudeville programs. A film could be under a minute long and would usually present a single scene, authentic or staged, of everyday life, a public event, a sporting event or slapstick.
There was little to no cinematic technique, the film was usually black and white and it was without sound. Filmmakers could record actors' performances, which then could be shown to audiences around the world. Travelogues would bring the sights of far-flung places, with movement, directly to spectators' hometowns.
Movies would become the most popular visual art form of the late Victorian age. The Melbourne Athenaeum started to screen movies in Movie theaters became popular entertainment venues and social hubs in the early 20th century, much like cabarets and other theaters.
Untilmotion pictures were produced without sound. This era is referred to as the silent era of film. To enhance the viewers' experience, silent films were commonly accompanied by live musicians in an orchestra, a theatre organ, and sometimes sound effects and even commentary spoken by the showman or projectionist.
In most countries, intertitles came to be used to provide dialogue and narration for the film, thus dispensing with narrators, but in Japanese cinema human narration remained popular throughout the silent era. The technical problems were resolved by Illustrated songs were a notable exception to this trend that began in in vaudeville houses and persisted as late as the late s in film theaters.
In this way, song narrative was illustrated through a series of slides whose changes were simultaneous with the narrative development. The main purpose of illustrated songs was to encourage sheet music sales, and they were highly successful with sales reaching into the millions for a single song.
Later, with the birth of film, illustrated songs were used as filler material preceding films and during reel changes.Motion pictures, however, exist in time as well as space, and the major problem for early filmmakers was the establishment of temporal continuity from one shot to the next.
Porter’s The Great Train Robbery () is widely acknowledged to be the first narrative film to have achieved such continuity of action. A trip around the Pan-American Exposition Part Filmed from a boat, this thrilling clip offers a fabulous trip around the Pan-American Exposition held in Buffalo, New York, in History of Animation - Origins of American Animation Available on Prime.
It's not a history of motion pictures at all but a very short episodic mix of. Albert Einstein: Read about Einstein's astounding theory of relativity and his discovery of the quantum, his thoughtful philosophy, and his rise above a turbulent life including marriages and exile.
This Einstein exhibit contains many pictures, cartoons, voice clips, and essays on Einstein's work on special relativity, Brownian motion, and more.
Hollywood: Perhaps no other place on earth evokes the same air of show-business magic and glamour. The legend of Hollywood began in the early 20th century and is an earmark of modern American society rich in history and innovation.
American Memory is a gateway to rich primary source materials relating to the history and culture of the United States. The site offers more than 7 million digital items from more than historical collections. African American History Screenshots from Barber Memorial Seminary (), Little Negro Americans (), and We Mean To Stay () PHS has recently brought online six motion pictures of the African American Presbyterian experience, thanks to the generosity of an anonymous donor.