Schools as organisations unit 302 outcome 6

This allows UNRWA pupils to progress to further education or employment holding locally recognised qualifications and compliess with the sovereignty requirements of countries hosting refugees. In Jordan and Syria, children have full access to government schools and many attend those because they are close to where they reside. Relief and social services programme In Palestinian refugee society, families without a male breadwinner are often very vulnerable. Those headed by a widow, a divorcee.

Schools as organisations unit 302 outcome 6

It is also used by the World Bank with regard to economic and societal development and by management experts as a way of thinking about organizational development. We examine its nature, some of the issues surrounding its use, and its significance for educators.

It took some time for the term to come into widespread usage. Contributions from Jane Jacobs in relation to urban life and neighbourliness, Pierre Bourdieu with regard to social theory, and then James S.

Coleman in his discussions of the social context of education moved the idea into academic debates. However, it was the work of Robert D.

Putnam ; that launched social capital as a popular focus for research and policy discussion. In this piece we explore the the idea of social capital, review some of the evidence with regard to the claims made about it, and assess its significance for educators.

Social capital for starters For John Field Interaction enables people to build communities, to commit themselves to each other, and to knit the social fabric.

Schools as organisations unit 302 outcome 6

A sense of belonging and the concrete experience of social networks and the relationships of trust and tolerance that can be involved can, it is argued, bring great benefits to people. Trust between individuals thus becomes trust between strangers and trust of a broad fabric of social institutions; ultimately, it becomes a shared set of values, virtues, and expectations within society as a whole.

Without this interaction, on the other hand, trust decays; at a certain point, this decay begins to manifest itself in serious social problems… The concept of social capital contends that building or rebuilding community and trust requires face-to-face encounters.

However, there can also be a significant downside. Groups and organizations with high social capital have the means and sometimes the motive to work to exclude and subordinate others.

Defining social capital Bourdieu: It is not a single entity, but a variety of different entities, having two characteristics in common: The three thinkers that most commentators highlight in terms of developing a theoretical appreciation of social capital are Pierre Bourdieu, James Coleman and Robert Putnam.

Bourdieu wrote from within a broadly Marxist framework. He began by distinguishing between three forms of capital: A basic concern was to explore the processes making for unequal access to resources and differentials in power — and the ways in which these fed into class formation and the creation of elites.

The possession of social capital did not necessarily run alongside that of economic capital, but it still was, in his view, an attribute of elites, a means by particular networks held onto power and advantage. In other words, he argued that those living in marginalized communities or who were members of the working class could also benefit from its possession.

Drawing upon a base of rational choice theory James Colemanlooked to social capital as part of a wider exploration of the nature of social structures.

He argued that social capital was defined by its function. However, as PortesFoley and Edwards and others have pointed out, a number of problems flow from defining social capital by its function.

Like other social investigators he highlighted the role of the family and kinship networks, and religious institutions in the creation of social capital. He believed that changes in both spheres were problematic.

They were less able to socialize in appropriate ways; ties appeared to be looser and weaker see Portes John Field brings out some interesting dimensions: He wrote from a background in political science and, as such, brought out some important dimensions.

Based, initially, on a detailed study of Italian political institutions he argued for the significance of social capital and the quality of civic life in the cultivation of democratic society.

He then turned his attention to social capital in the United States — first in an influential article Putnam then in a major study: In the latter Putnam discussed social capital as follows:[page iii] FOREWORD.

In August the Central Advisory Council for Education (England) were asked by Sir Edward Boyle, the then Minister of Education, to consider the whole subject of primary education and the transition to secondary education. The West African Ebola virus epidemic (–) was the most widespread outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in history—causing major loss of life and socioeconomic disruption in the region, mainly in the countries of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra heartoftexashop.com first cases were recorded in Guinea in December ; later, the disease spread to neighboring Liberia and Sierra Leone, with minor.

UNRWA was established following the Arab–Israeli War by the United Nations General Assembly under Resolution (IV) of 8 December This resolution reaffirmed paragraph 11, concerning refugees, of UN General Assembly Resolution (), adopted and passed unopposed, supported by Israel and the Arab states, with only the Soviet bloc and South Africa abstaining.

Cross ref to Unit – a, b, c / Why do schools have policies and procedures? Ensure you mention policies and procedures relevant to promoting positive behaviour, confidentiality, sharing information and data protection. The Federal Register of Legislation (the Legislation Register) is the authorised whole-of-government website for Commonwealth legislation and related documents.

Outcome 3. Explain why it is important to ensure children and young people are protected from harm within the work setting.

Schools should provide a clear guidance about when and how touch should be used in order to protect both staff and children. We will write a custom sample essay on The Importance Of Ensuring Children Safety.

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