This table focuses on business relationships and how transactions are conducted in the relationship. Since a party can have multiple customer accounts, this table might contain several records for a single party. For example, an individual person can establish a personal account, family account, and a professional account for a consulting practice.
Background[ edit ] Java was originally developed at Sun Microsystems starting in December This allows for interoperabilityor as marketed by Sun, " Write once, run anywhere "; a programmer would only need to create one set of Oracle ame which, through the Java virtual machine, can be run on any computing platform that supports Java.
The Java language was released to the public inunder the Sun Community Source Licensemaking the source freely available but requiring that products using the code were maintained to the Java standard, and that any commercial derivative works were licensed by Sun.
Sun retained strong control over the language and standards itself, licensing the necessary elements like TCKs for commercial users. Schwartz about licensing the Java libraries for use in Android.
Schmidt said Google would have paid for that license, but they were concerned that Sun had also requested some shared control of Android along with the fee. This became the engine behind Android's Oracle ame virtual machine, a core part of the new system.
Part of the virtual machine included 37 API calls and around 11, lines of code deemed central to Java, which were taken from Apache Harmonyan open-source cleanroom Java Oracle ame developed by the Apache Software Foundation ASF.
Oracle asserts Google was aware that they had developed Android without a Java license and copied its APIs, creating the copyright violation.
Oracle also citing seven prior patents related to the Java technology created by Sun and now owned by Oracle that Google should have been aware of as they had hired former Sun developers that worked on Java. Oracle sought both monetary damages and an injunction to stop Google from using the violating materials.
The copyright phase started on April 16,and consisted of several distinct claims of infringement: The jury also found that Google had sufficient reason to believe based on Sun's and Oracle's conduct that they did not need to license Java from Sun or Oracle, but did not rely on this when developing Android.
For the patent, they argued that they were using parsing for optimizing static initialization, rather than "simulating execution" as the claim required. For the RE patent, they argued that the instruction did not include a symbolic reference.
On May 23,the jury found non-infringement on all patent counts. While the jury had found for Oracle regarding copyright infringement of the APIs, Alsup determined that the APIs were not copyrightable in the first place: It does not matter that the declaration or method header lines are identical.
The parties agreed to zero dollars in statutory damages for the small amount of copied code by June Because the case involved claims related to patents, the appeal was automatically assigned to the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
The legislative history explains that literary works include "computer programs to the extent that they incorporate authorship in the programmer's expression of original ideas, as distinguished from the ideas themselves" p. To qualify for copyright protection a work must be original.
The court was therefore "first to assess whether the expression is original to the programmer" p. This led the court to conclude "that the overall structure of Oracle's API packages is creative, original, and resembles a taxonomy" p.
It therefore reversed the district court on the central issue, holding that the " structure, sequence and organization " of an API is copyrightable.
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It also ruled for Oracle regarding the small amount of literal copying, holding that it was not de minimis. The case was remanded to the District Court for a second trial, to consider whether Google's use was acceptable anyway, under the doctrine of fair usesince the original case had not brought out the facts related to fair use sufficiently for the Appeal Court to rule on that point.
Supreme Court to hear the case. Solicitor General's input on whether the petition should be granted. Solicitor General recommended that the petition should be denied, expressing agreement with the appeals court ruling. On March 27,the Court ruled in favor of Oracle.
It then looked at the factual matters which, it had to be assumed, the jury had reached, and their implications in law. As the Supreme Court noted in another case said Judge Alsup, "truth, in literature, in science and in art, there are, and can be, few, if any, things, which in an abstract sense, are strictly new and original throughout.
Every book in literature, science and art, borrows, and must necessarily borrow, and use much which was well known and used before" Decision The Appeal Court's role is to assess whether a reasonable jury could have reached the conclusions it did, and whether the judge's decision could be correct and reasonable in law.
The standard review of mixed questions of law and fact concerned three components:This page compares the capacity limitations of Oracle vs. Microsft SQL Server databases. More on Data Types. SQL is pronounced either as a sequence of letters "Es-Queue-Ell" or as acronym "Sequel".
Dec 18, · Home Oracle R12 AR/ TCA: How To Make State, County, City and Postal Code Mandatory. HP, IBM, Oracle, Quantum and Tandberg Ultrium Generation 6 (LTO-6) Drive Configuration Information for IBM Tivoli Storage Manager Server. At the 12th District Meeting Bro. Ricky Lewis spoke with us about the Youth Leadership Conference he brought to fruition while Basileus of Tau Tau Chapter Compton CA Since the taping of this interview he has been elected to the Supreme Council as First Vice Grand Basileus of the Fraternity.
May 27, · Hello and Welcome to "Simplifying Oracle E Business Suite". This blog is dedicated to share Oracle Apps Knowledge related to Oracle apps E Business Suite's Order Management, Procurement, Inventory, WMS, Supplier Scheduling, OSP, Sys Admin, Useful SQL Queries etc.
Overview. This guide outlines the information you need to know about new or improved functionality available in Oracle Cloud Release Each section includes a brief description of the feature, the steps you need to take to enable or begin using the feature, any tips or considerations that you should keep in mind, and the resources available to help you.