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See Article History Alternative Title: He was perhaps the most important Latin American poet of the 20th century.
Neruda was a precocious boy who began to write poetry at age His father tried to discourage him from writing and never cared for his poems, which was probably why the young poet began to publish under the pseudonym Pablo Neruda, which he was legally to adopt in Neruda first published his poems in the local newspapers and later in magazines published in the Chilean capital, Santiago.
In he moved to Santiago to continue his studies and become a French teacher. There he experienced loneliness and hunger and took up a bohemian lifestyle. His first book of poems, Crepusculario, was published in The poems, subtle and elegant, were in the tradition of Symbolist poetry, or rather its Hispanic version, Modernismo.
The verse in Twenty Love Poems is vigorous, poignantand direct, yet subtle and very original in its imagery and metaphors. The poems express young, passionate, unhappy love perhaps better than any book of poetry in the long Romantic tradition.
The experimental poet as diplomat At age 20, with two books published, Neruda had already become one of the best-known Chilean poets. He abandoned his French studies and began to devote himself entirely to poetry.
Three more books appeared in quick succession: Yet his poetry was not a steady source of income, so he translated hastily from several languages and published magazine and newspaper articles.
For the next five years he represented his country in Asia. He continued to live in abject poverty, however, since as honorary consul he received no salary, and he was tormented by loneliness. He increasingly came to identify with the South Asian masses, who were heirs to ancient cultures but were downtrodden by poverty, colonial rule, and political oppression.
It was during these years in Asia that he wrote Residencia en la tierra, — ; Residence on Earth. In this book Neruda moves beyond the lucid, conventional lyricism of Twenty Love Poems, abandoning normal syntaxrhyme, and stanzaic organization to create a highly personalized poetic technique.
His personal and collective anguish gives rise to nightmarish visions of disintegration, chaosdecay, and death that he recorded in a cryptic, difficult style inspired by Surrealism. These puzzling and mysterious poems both attract and repel the reader with the powerful and awe-inspiring vision they present of a modern descent into hell.
There he fell in love with a Dutch woman, Maria Antonieta Hagenaar, and married her. In Neruda returned to Chile, but he still could not earn a living from his poetry.
In he was appointed Chilean consul in Buenos AiresArgentina. Communism and poetry In Neruda took up an appointment as consul in BarcelonaSpain, and soon he was transferred to the consulate in Madrid. Neruda shared their political beliefs and moved ever closer to communism.
In the meantime, his marriage was foundering. He and his wife separated inand Neruda met a young Argentine woman, Delia del Carril, who would be his second wife until their divorce in the early s.
A second, enlarged edition of the Residencia poems entitled Residencia en la tierra, —35 was published in two volumes in In this edition, Neruda begins to move away from the highly personal, often hermetic poetry of the first Residencia volume, adopting a more extroverted outlook and a clearer, more accessible style in order to better communicate his new social concerns to the reader.
This line of poetic development was interrupted suddenly by the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War inhowever. The book was printed by Republican troops working with improvised presses near the front lines. In he was appointed special consul in Paris, where he supervised the migration to Chile of many defeated Spanish Republicans who had escaped to France.
Canto generalresonant with historical and epic overtones, that would become one of his key works. The strong emotions aroused by the sight of this spectacular ruin inspired one of his finest poems, Alturas de Macchu Picchu ; Heights of Macchu Picchu.
This powerful celebration of pre-Columbian civilization would become the centrepiece of Canto general. In the meantime, Neruda suffered a stunning reversal in his native country.TIPS FOR WRITING, SENDING AN E-MAIL OR CALLING A LEGISLATOR Writing a letter to a legislator Use the proper salutation, for example: The Honorable (first name) (last name).
Pablo Neruda: Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, diplomat, and politician who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in He was perhaps the most important Latin American poet of the 20th century. Neruda was the son of José del Carmen Reyes, a railway worker, and Rosa Basoalto. His mother died within a month of.
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