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References Literature Review Standard Beckian CBT, also called cognitive therapy CTis based on the cognitive model, which links cognitions, emotions, and behaviors such that cognitions shape behaviors and emotions, and unrealistic cognitions can lead to inappropriate emotions and behaviors .
CT is a structured or semi-structured, directive, active and short-term approach. Its clinical use is applied to several psychiatric disorders i. Most approaches to CI agree to its basic principles which include that people develop adaptable and non-adaptable behaviors and affective patterns through cognitive processes, the functions of these cognitive processes can be activated by the same procedures that are commonly used in the human learning laboratory, and the task for a therapist is that of a diagnostician and pedagogue who evaluates dysfunctional cognitive processes and arranges such learning experiences that transform the existing cognitive patterns, and correlate them with behaviors and patterns of experiencing things [3,4].
CT is considered to have results with issues related to depression and panic disorders, i. Description of problem behavior Helen is a year-old chemistry student who sought therapy for intense anxiety concerning University Exams.
She also suffered from anxiety and depressive symptoms. At the first stages of her interviewing it became apparent that Helen complained for the following: She could not attend the lectures or enter the lecture theatre "lecture theatre phobia". She could not concentrate, study for the exams or sit an exam.
She avoided getting close to the University and she also avoided anything relevant to the University. She was not able to decide whether she wanted to get her degree or not. She was in a general state of anxiety about anything. She would think about University all the time.
Thus, she was not able to enjoy herself and was always sad. She avoided being with people and finally avoided crowded places.
As far as her physiological complaints are concerned, it appeared that Helen suffered from: Permanent headache, Insomnia, Stomachache, Fatigue, Loss of energy, Drowsiness, Clenching of teeth while she slept that resulted in pain.
The result of all the above was that she felt anxious, disappointed and melancholic. Personal and family history Helen was the second child in the family. There was an elder brother now married and a younger sister who had graduated from the law school.
There seemed to be many problems in the family with her brother.
He was rebellious and undisciplined — the "problem child" as Helen characterized him. Helen could not find any means of communication with her family, and her sister was the only person she really talked to.
Helen felt that as a pupil she was good at everything. However, she felt that her family shadowed her. They knew anything she did, pressurizing her. The situation at the time when Helen reached for therapy had as follows: Her sister and father pressed her to continue her studies.
They even wanted her to pursue postgraduate studies. Her father always told her that if she did not finish University, she would end up being a cleaner.
Helen felt that her father counted on her. I always felt that I had to adhere to what he wanted" she said.Linda - A case study. This page uploaded 31 July By Jane Gierlicz (Psychologist) I came to the conclusion that Linda was suffering from Panic Disorder - she'd experienced panic attacks that were causing significant distress and were having a big impact on her life.
A case study of a man in his 30s with social anxiety disorder. Although not highly publicized, social anxiety is the third largest health care issue in the western world.
Claustrophobia is the fear of being enclosed in a small space or room and unable to escape or get out. It can be triggered by many situations or stimuli, including elevators crowded to capacity, windowless rooms, hotel rooms with closed doors and sealed windows, small cars and even tight-necked clothing.
It is typically classified as an anxiety disorder, which often results in panic attacks.
case-Based review Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Adults Case Study and Commentary, Raushanah Hud-Aleem, DO, and Darnell Ladson, DO CME jointly sponsored by Wayne State University School of Medicine and JCOM This article has a companion CME exam that follows the article.
anxiety disorders in the primary care setting Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disturbances characterized byanxiety as a core symptom. In this article, we discuss anxiety disorderscommon to primary care, specifically panic disorder, generalized anxietydisorder (GAD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
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