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Introduction In this article we list the main schools and styles of " Contemporary Art " which emerged from the lates onwards.
Because "contemporary art" superceded " modern art ", it is also referred to as Banksy conceptual framework Art. Please note however, that the transition from modernism to postmodernism was a gradual one, which took place during the decade of the s.
Both styles thus co-existed with each other during this time. In addition, please note that one of the most important differences between modern and postmodern art, concerns the downgrading of the "finished product".
The aim of nearly all modern artistsfor instance, was to create an enduring and unique work of art like a painting, sculpture, drawing, or other type of object. By contrast, postmodernist artists have less interest in this kind of product and more interest in the ideas behind it.
This helps to explain the growth of new types of art - such as installation art including sound and video installationsconceptualism a wide category of 'ideas art'happenings type of performance artvideo installations, projection mapping, and outdoor earthworks environmental constructions - in which either there is no finished product to speak of, or else it is transient and recorded only as an 'event'.
Revealingly, over the past 20 years, the Turner Prize for Contemporary Art has been won by 2 painters, 0 sculptors, and 10 installation artists. It started out by depicting a more up-to-date reality, using images of film-stars and other celebrities, as well as mass-made consumer goods.
But this was rapidly eclipsed by an increasing post-modern focus on impact and style. See for instance our short guide to Andy Warhol's Pop Art of the sixties. It was associated with artists like Robert Indiana b.
Conceptualism s onwards Conceptual art is a postmodernist art movement founded on the principle that art is a 'concept' rather than a material object. That is to say, the 'idea' which a work represents is considered its essential component, and the "finished product", if it exists at all, is regarded essentially as a form of documentation rather than as an artifact.
The origins of Conceptualism go back to Dada and the early 20th century avant-garde artist Marcel Duchampbut it wasn't until the s that it became a recognizable movement and acquired a name.
Conceptual art has the ability to deliver ideas quite powerfully, hence it has served as a popular vehicle for socio-political comment. In addition, by downplaying the need for any painterly or sculptural skills - indeed, for any craftsmanship at all - it retains a subversive edge by challenging the entire tradition of a work of art as a unique and valuable object.
Some experts point to the fact that the postmodern era demands more than the passive experience of "viewing" a work of art, and that Conceptualism provides a more interactive experience.
Whether this added entertainment value helps an "idea" to qualify as a work of art, is rather doubtful. For works by one of Europe's first conceptual artists, please see also: Yves Klein's Postmodernist art An illustration of this issue is the large collection of shoes in the Holocaust Museum in Washington, DC, which belonged to Nazi concentration camp victims.
It has been suggested that this has the characteristics of a Conceptual artwork, because walking past the huge pile of shoes helps us to comprehend the terrifying reality of the gas chambers. Indeed it does, but frankly it doesn't turn the shoes into a work of art, or indeed any type of artistic statement.
Compare Holocaust art It is a political or historical statement. Thus the difficulty for Conceptualism is to show how it qualifies as artas opposed to entertainment, theatre, or political commentary.
Performance s onwards Emerging in America and Europe in the early s, Performance art is an experimental art form inspired by Conceptual art, as well as Dada, Futurism, the Bauhaus and in America the Black Mountain College.
Performance is generally supposed to be characterized by its "live" nature - the fact that the artist communicates directly with the audience - and its impact, whether amusing or shocking, must be memorable. A good example is the series of self-destructive machines - probably the most famous examples of kinetic art - created by the Swiss artist Jean Tinguely Even so, the exact difference between innovative theatre and Performance art is hard to detect.
Moreover its insistence on being labelled "art" - traditionally a bourgeois event - sits awkwardly alongside its anti-establishment ethic.
Performance now includes events and "happenings" by visual artists, poets, musicians, film makers, video artists and so on.The modus operandi of most jurisdictions today is in a state of harsh crisis or even stagnation.
Change is unlikely since all those systems are too rigid. CONTEMPORARY ART MOVEMENTS. Pop Art (s onwards). Pop Art was both modernist and contemporary.
It started out by depicting a more up-to-date reality, using images of film-stars and other celebrities, as well as mass-made consumer goods. Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
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