An overview of the history and the first battle of bull run

Lee 's Army of Northern Virginia was organized into two "wings" or "commands" totaling about 55, men:

An overview of the history and the first battle of bull run

This episode is called the First Battle of Bull Run and is also known as First Manassas, the latter being the name the Confederates used. The battle came about as a result of a Union drive to try and take Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate states, as it was felt that taking the city would mean an early end to the uprising.

Despite the failure of the maneuver, the Union army initially held the advantage. Union progress was stalled by stern resistance from a brigade of Virginian soldiers led by Colonel Thomas J. The Federal numerical supremacy in the battle changed with the arrival by train of Confederate reinforcements under the command of Brigadier General Joseph E.


Boosted by the additional troops, the Confederates launched a vigorous counterattack, forcing the Union army to begin a retreat that soon turned into disorganized panic. The battle soon turned into a Confederate rout.

The first major conflict of the Civil War shocked many people on both sides. The First Battle of Bull Run was significant for the ferocity of its fighting, and the high casualty rate.

It was the first indication that the Civil War would be a long and brutal affair. He immediately came under pressure to launch a decisive military operation against the Confederates in Richmond, but argued strongly against this option.

An overview of the history and the first battle of bull run

McDowell was concerned by the lack of experience of his troops, and felt that such a major undertaking was beyond their capabilities. McDowell eventually bowed to the pressure, including that from the President himself, and assembled his forces at Washington.

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Standing at 35, men, this was the largest army that had ever assembled in America, and it left Washington on July 16th. Battle Plan General McDowell planned to launch two separate attacks on the Confederate forces, and split his forces into three columns.

Two of these columns were to attack the Confederates at Bull Run, and it was intended that the third column was to outflank the enemy forces and attack from the rear. This maneuver would also give the Union forces control of the railway line from Richmond.

McDowell knew his army outnumbered the Confederates, who had just under 22, troops at Bull Run, and he felt sure that once the attack on Bull Run was initiated, the rebels would withdraw back to the Rappahannock River. He was even confident enough to dispatch 5, soldiers to provide rearguard protection to his forces.

He had previously dispatched a brigade of some 18, men under the command of Major General Robert Patterson to tackle the Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley so that they could be used as reinforcements in the battle at Bull Run.

Dividing his forces into three columns was not viable because of poor coordination and communication within the unskilled ranks. Secondly, Major General Robert Patterson had failed in his attempt at the Shenandoah Valley and the Confederates had managed to bring the reinforcements in.The First Battle of Bull Run In the first major land battle of the Civil War, a large Union force under General Irvin McDowell is routed by a Confederate army under General Pierre G.T.

Beauregard. Description: This was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia. On July 16, , the untried Union army under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the Confederate army, which was drawn up behind Bull Run beyond Centreville.

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Augustine FL, Movement — Photos. Saint Augustine is a small town of 15, on Florida's Atlantic coast, just south of Jacksonville and not far from the Georgia border. The 14th Regiment New York State Militia (also called the 14th Brooklyn Chasseurs) was a volunteer militia regiment from the City of Brooklyn, New is primarily known for its service in the American Civil War from April to May 6, , although it later served in the Spanish–American War and World War I (as part of the th Regiment)..

In the Civil War, the regiment was made up. Battle Of Bull Run Summary: The First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) was the first major land-based confrontation of the American Civil War. The Union army commander in Washington, Brigadier General Irvin McDowell, gave in to great pressure to begin campaigning before his men’s day enlistments expired, although he did not feel the .

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