Early Life Christopher Columbus, the son of a wool merchant, was born in Genoa, Italy, in about When he was still a teenager, he got a job on a merchant ship. He remained at sea untilwhen French privateers attacked his ship as it sailed north along the Portuguese coast. The boat sank, but the young Columbus floated to shore on a scrap of wood and made his way to Lisbon, where he studied mathematics, astronomy, cartography and navigation.
Columbus arriving in the Americas by Dioscoro Puebla Occupation: May 20, Best known for: Christopher Columbus is the explorer who is credited for discovering America. Of course, there were already people living in America at the time who we call Native Americans.
There even was a European, Leif Ericsson, who had been to the Americas before. Before the Voyage Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in He later lived in Lisbon where he worked as a trader. He learned how to make maps and navigate a ship. However, traveling overland by the Silk Road was dangerous and a sea route around Africa seemed much too long.
Columbus thought he could sail straight to China by crossing the Atlantic Ocean.
It would turn out that Columbus was wrong. The Earth was much larger than he thought and there was another land, the Americas, between Europe and Asia. Three Ships and a Long Voyage Columbus spent years trying to convince someone to pay for his voyage.
The voyage was long and difficult. At one point his men threatened to mutiny and wanted to turn back. In his journal, however, he wrote that he had no intention of turning back. Finding Land On October 12, land was spotted. It was a small island in the Bahamas that Columbus would name San Salvador.
He met natives there that he called Indians because he was convinced that he had landed on islands off the coast of East Asia. He also visited other islands in the Caribbean such as Cuba and Hispaniola.
The routes taken by Columbus on his four voyages by Unknown Click to see larger map Returning Home After making his discovery, Columbus was eager to return home to Spain and claim his riches.
Only the Pinta and the Nina were able to return to Spain, however, as the Santa Maria wrecked off the coast of Hispaniola. Columbus left 43 men behind on the island to start up an outpost. Upon returning home, Columbus was treated like a hero. He presented some of the things he had found including turkeys, pineapples, and some natives he had captured.
The King of Spain was pleased enough to fund future expeditions.
More Voyages Columbus would make three more voyages to the Americas. He explored more of the Caribbean and even saw mainland America. He had some difficulties in being the local governor and was even arrested for his behavior and for mistreating some of the colonists. Columbus died on May 20, He died thinking he had discovered a shortcut to Asia across the Atlantic Ocean.
He never knew what an amazing discovery he had made. Fun Facts about Christopher Columbus Columbus was first buried in Spain, however his remains were later moved to Santo Domingo in the new world and then back, again, to Spain.
Columbus brought horses to the new world on his second voyage. In his original calculations, he thought that Asia would be 2, miles from Portugal. He was way off. It is actually 10, miles away!
Not to mention the huge continent in between. You can remember the date Columbus discovered America by using this rhyme "In Columbus sailed the ocean blue". The sailor who was first to spot land on the voyage would receive a reward.Christopher Columbus - Famous Explorers of the World The late 15th & early 16th Century Genoese explorer's discoveries initiated Spanish Colonization of the New World.
A native son of Genoa, Colmbus found favor with the Spanish Crown, at least long enough to have them finance his multiple voyages . Kids learn about the biography and life of explorer Christopher Columbus.
He discovered the Americas for Spain. Parents and Teachers Biography: Christopher Columbus is the explorer who is credited for discovering America. Before the Voyage Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in He later lived in Lisbon where he worked as a trader.
Watch video · Famed Italian explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the "New World" of the Americas on an expedition sponsored by King Ferdinand of Spain in Christopher Columbus, a Genoese sailor, believed that sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean was the shortest sea route to Asia. Ignorant of the fact that the W Columbus and the Spanish Explorations!
Home; Study Guides; U.S. History I During his second voyage, Columbus explored the islands that are now called Puerto Rico and Jamaica. The First Voyage of Christopher Columbus, As most of us can remember from the childhood ditty, Columbus set sail from Spain in , with his fleet of three ships - the Niña, the Pinta.
Christopher Columbus Essay Examples. total results. The Life and Voyage of Christopher Columbus. words. 1 page. An Overview of the Famous Voyage of Spanish Explorer Christopher Columbus. words. 1 page.
The Effects of the Beliefs about the World on the Pursuit of Knowledge.