What is the Californian Ideology? The Californian Ideology argues that American neoliberalism is associated with the rise of networking technology.
We have also known, in large part, what those tortures consisted of -- waterboarding, slapping, sleep deprivation, the withholding of pain medication. It is condemned by every civilized nation and by international law.
There is, however, one situation in which torture might theoretically be morally justified. This is the so-called "ticking bomb" scenario, which in one form or another has been debated by philosophers and ethicists for hundreds of years. Suppose we know that a captive has planted a bomb in a school, which is due to explode in a few hours.
The captive refuses to say in what school he planted the bomb. Are we justified in torturing one depraved individual to save the lives of hundreds of innocent children? In their response, philosophers divide into two camps.
The Kantians, those who believe that human beings have a categorical imperative to treat other humans as ends, not as means, say we are never justified in torturing, no matter how legitimate the goal.
The Benthamites or utilitarians say that we are justified, because in this case torture is the lesser of two evils. Calling for the release of additional classified memos, Cheney said, "There are reports that show specifically what we gained as a result of this activity.
A number of agents, unable to withstand the pain or, in some cases, even the prospect of pain, told their captors everything they knew, including the identity of other agents, the arrival time of flights, and the location of safe houses. As historian Alistair Horne, the author of the classic analysis of the French-Algerian war, "A Savage War of Peace," told me in a interview, "In Algeria, the French used torture -- as opposed to abuse -- very effectively as an instrument of war.
They had some success with it; they did undoubtedly get some intelligence from the use of torture. So the easy argument against torture, that it is ineffective, is wrong.
Nor can one simply dismiss the philosophical "ticking bomb" debate. But in the real world, the "ticking bomb" situation never arises. It is never the case that we know we can automatically avert mass slaughter by torturing someone.
Reality is not that neat. Guilt and knowledge are not established in advance. Those whom we torture may or may not be planning nefarious deeds. The proposed victim of our torture is not someone we suspect of planting the device: He is not some pitiful psychotic making one last play for attention: The wiring is not backwards, the mechanism is not jammed: It has nothing to do with the real world.
And those who invoke it are leading society down a fatal slippery slope, which ends with the wholesale justification of torture. Their arguments, which appeal to and are based in fear and anger, not considered analysis, would return us to the Middle Ages.
Zubaydah gave most of his useful information before being waterboarded, and the CIA was unable to provide any examples of specific leads acquired by the use of torture. But let us, for the sake of argument, assume that Hayden and Mukasey are correct, and that torturing Zubaydah led him to give information that resulted in the arrest of KSM and other terrorists.
That still would not constitute a "ticking bomb" situation. No one can say whether those captured would have carried out other terrorist attacks. There are too many unknown factors."The Paranoid Style in American Politics" is an essay by American historian Richard J.
Hofstadter, first published in Harper's Magazine in November ; it served as the title essay . An excerpt from Gary Kamiya’s best selling book which describes the history of our beloved log cabin showroom Lea˜ng through an Arcadia book about Visitacion Valley, I found a photograph of an old log cabin, occupied by various nightclubs over the years, which.
Liberal Criticisms. Part of the "Critiques of Libertarianism" site. Paul Kienitz' revised essay provides a good, big-picture introduction to the basic reasons why libertarianism is unworkable.
Gary Kamiya's introductory Salon Magazine article on libertarianism. Longman Reader, The, Brief Edition by Eliza A. Comodromos and Judith Nadell and John A Langan available in Trade Paperback on heartoftexashop.com, also read synopsis and reviews.
* Gary Kamiya, Propaganda Techniques in Today's Advertising. * Figure Essay Structure Diagram. The essay was first published in when it appeared in the Mute Magazine.
Another appearance was on an internet mailing list for the purposes of a debate with the final copy of the essay appearing in in Science and Culture. Due to a common writing misstep, Gary Kamiya, a highly experienced writer and editor, found himself with only six months to write a page book.