Preth century[ edit ] The history of privatization dates from Ancient Greecewhen governments contracted out almost everything to the private sector.
Navajo Indian Irrigation Project Case studies: Africa[ edit ] Obuasi, Ghana is the home of one of the world's top gold mining sites.
It was in when the first machinery was used to mine the gold from the region. The average amount of contamination in the water system of Obuasi was over 10—38 times the maximum amount that is allowable by law. During precipitation or rainfall, the dust "may be oxidized to the trioxide by the air and be converted to the sulphate in dew and rainwater".
Residents have seen the environmental changes especially in the water. Sludge floats down on streams that were once main sources of drinking water according to local residents. Many local farmers suffered the hardest with the contamination of the water.
Due to the irrigation systems using the contaminated water to irrigate all of the soil were then contaminated as well.
According to Action Aid, many schools have been flooded with the over flow of the local streams, causing the children to leave school, sometimes permanently. AngloGold Ashanti AGA has put up standpipes to compensate for the contaminated water supplies, but these have also been useless to the locals.
No compensation has been giving to the local residents for the damage they have done to their water and environment. Global economy[ edit ] Globalization has benefitted the economy greatly through increased trade and production of food, energy, and goods.
Water is a finite resource that is shared between nations, within nations, multiple interest groups and private organizations. Poor water politics and practices can result in water conflictwhich is more common surrounding freshwater due to its necessity for survival. Countries that have a greater supply of water have greater economic success due to an increase in agricultural business and the production of goods, whereas countries, which have limited access to water, have less economic success.
The World Trade Organization has emerged as a key figure in the allocation of water in order to protect the agricultural trade. This water conflict begun in as a result of poor water politics and management between nation states and negotiations are ongoing.
Currently, negotiations have attempted to establish a fair divide and share of the Jordan River, but have had little success. The shared jurisdiction of access to water between intergovernmental actors is crucial to efficient water politics. Inefficient water politics at the subnational level has a greater impact on the local economy through increased costs for businesses, increased costs for the agricultural sector, decreased local competitiveness, decrease in local jobs and infrastructure costs.
The Colorado River Basin demonstrates intergovernmental conflict over the autonomy of water politics. Cooperation in subnational water politics can result in economic benefits through shared costs and risk for infrastructure. In addition, efficient water politic management results in profitable allocations of water that can sustain irrigation and the agricultural sector.
Human Rights[ edit ] Water is an absolute necessity in human sustainability and human survival. There is no human activity that can be sustained without the use of water whether it be at a direct or indirect level.A Review of the Article "Top 10 Reasons to Oppose Water Privatization" PAGES 4.
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Water Privatization and Regulation in England and Wales lic flotation would succeed: the government wrote off most of the debt on the public com-. This article compares the private use of prison labor in the United States to the protections against forced labor in international law.
The United States plays a prominent role in promoting labor rights and standards in its interactions with economic competitors such as China.
Water privatization is at odds with the need to conserve water resources - For-profit water companies sell water at a price per gallon. There is a direct incentive for them to sell as many gallons of water as is possible. Mar 26, · Top 10 Reasons to Oppose Water Privatization.
March 26, · by devsgroupfive · Bookmark the permalink. · Here are the reasons: Privatization leads to rate increases; Privatization undermines water quality; Companies are accountable to shareholders, not consumers;. ABSTRACT. Water privatization battles and their aftermath in seven Latin American, African, and Asian countries feature diverse and often complementary forms of action by unions, popular movements, neighbourhood associations, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).