Oxnard, California, Versand nach: Photograph taken between to
Custer to attack the Indian village, my] whole command moved forward, proceeding about a mile and a half. During this time chopping shots were heard. So numerous were the masses of Indians encountered that the command was obliged to dismount and fight on foot, retiring to the point which had first been selected.
It was a crest of hills which formed a depression, in which the pack mules and horses were herded, and men were put in these crests, sheltering themselves as best they could behind a growth of sage brush. This was about half past five P.
The fight was maintained in this position until night. We were left undisturbed until half past two in the morning of the 26th, when two sharp rifle cracks opened one of the heaviest fires I have ever witnessed, and which continued until half past nine A.
In the meantime they fired into the herd through the opening of the valley from a hill which was beyond range of my carbines. He will never touch another. The question of obtaining water was then becoming vital for the wounded, and the water being on the front of Company H, about yards distant, a skirmish line was formed under command of Colonel Benteen to protect the volunteers who went for water.
Of these one was killed and six wounded. Spotted Horn Bull 's cheerful recollection of the water brigade slaughter, as well as Peter Thompson 's account of his experience, for which he won the Medal of Honor. The fire was evidently encouraged by the Indians, and about six o'clock we saw their column come out from behind these clouds of smoke and dust on to the bluffs, moving in regular military order in the direction of the Bighorn Mountains, which were about thirty miles distant.
I first thought it was the return of Custer which had started the Indians. We could not conceive the awful fate which had befallen him and his command.
The question was settled next morning by General Terry riding into camp, who brought the first news of Custer's disaster. Colonel Benteen, with his company, was at once dispatched to the battlefield, and brought us the fact of Custer's annihilation and that he had recognized the bodies of the officers whose names have been published and who fell with Custer.
Custer] to proceed at as rapid a gait as I thought prudent and afterward to charge, and that I would be supported by the whole outfit.
This order was brought to me by Colonel Cooke, adjutant of the regiment. I never saw Custer again living, and the instructions embodied in these words were received from him. After Colonel Cooke gave me these instructions he rode with me for some time, as also Captain Keogh, and said, in his laughing, smiling, way, "We are all going with the advance and Miles Keogh is coming too.
Here is William Slaper's description of this same moment; after this, Slaper recalled, " things began to liven up. After crossing the ford I sent word to Custer that the Indians were in front and very strong, but charged on down, supposing that I was being followed by him.
As I neared the village I saw Indians passing from the hill behind my left flank. I knew no support could be coming, so I dismounted and took possession of a point of woods about a half mile upstream from the village, sheltered my horses and advanced to the attack, reaching within yards of the village.
The Indians then came out in overwhelming numbers, and it was plain to me that the salvation of my command depended on reaching a defensive position, which was accomplished by charging through the Indians to the bluffs, where I was joined by the other companies commanded by Colonel Benteen and Captain McDougall.
The ford we crossed in getting to the bluff was not the same we had passed in going to attack the village. It was in front of the bluff, and it was partially by accident that we found it. When I went into action I had only men and officers of the Seventh with me and some twenty-five scouts.
If I had not made the charge for the bluffs my command would undoubtedly have been annihilated as Custer's was. The great mistake in the beginning was that we underestimated the Indian strength.
The lowest computation puts the Indian strength at about 2, and some think there were 5, warriors present. The Indians are the best light cavalry in the world. I have seen pretty nearly all of them, and I do not except even the Cossacks.
Anson Mills agreed, calling the Sioux and Cheyenne "the best cavalry soldiers on earth" after being whipped by Crazy Horse at the Battle of the Rosebud. For more info, see Indian Battlefield Tactics.
He was the last officer to fall, and he remained mounted to the last after Custer's death. The command of the survivors fell on him, and with his small band he repeatedly charged the Indians.
The Crow scout [this was Curley ], who was the only known survivor, says that the Sioux warriors scattered time and time again before the desperate onslaught of Cooke and his handful of men, who fell at last, overwhelmed by innumerable enemies. Graham, The Stackpole Co.
Major Marcus Reno commanded one of Custer's three wings, and led the attack on the giant Indian village on the Little Bighorn on June 25, This account of the battle was written six weeks later, and published in the New York Herald on August 8, Reno survived the Battle of the Little Bighorn, but actually the real battle for him didn't begin until the shooting was over.
Custer's friends made Reno the scapegoat for Custer's debacle and forced him to spend the rest of his life fighting to clear his name. As the Custer clique saw it, Reno who charged into the huge Indian village was somehow a coward, and Custer who hung back and never provided Reno the support he promised was somehow a brave heart.List of American Civil War generals (Acting Confederate) Jump to 7th Texas Cavalry: Lt.
Colonel, December 7, 26th Texas Cavalry, Colonel, March 17, Hodge, George B. Colonel Brigadier General nominations rejected paroled as brig.
gen. The Morgantown men became Company D of the 3rd West Virginia Cavalry when they mustered into the Union army in October was attached to Col. Henry Caphart’s Brigade of Brig. Gen. George A. Custer’s Division. Promoted to major in May , he was brevetted lieutenant colonel for gallant and meritorious service during the war.
June 25, , Lt. Colonel George Custer and the 7th Cavalry are wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne Indians in the Battle of Little Big Horn in Montana. At the end of the Civil War (April 15, ), Custer was promoted to Major General of United States Volunteers. In , he was appointed to the Regular U.S.
Army rank of Lieutenant Colonel, leading the 7th U.S. Cavalry and served in the Indian Wars. A 7th Cavalry survivor's account of the Battle of the Little Bighorn. From the New York Herald, Thursday, When I went into action I had only men and officers of the Seventh with me and some twenty-five scouts.
Nor was Reno alone in his scathing estimation of George A. Custer . How many troopers of the 7th Cavalry Regiment were actually with Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer when they were massacred at the Battle of the Little Bighorn?